Prescription drug abuse is extremely hard to overcome, but is a major accomplishment once the abuser can kick it. However, most people with opioid addiction will find that the real battle begins during the detox. This stage has been said to be the hardest because of the cravings, withdrawal symptoms and likeliness of relapse. These dangers of opioid addictions requires certain methods of treatment and counseling.
To help with this period in the abuser’s life, it is recommended to attend counseling as part of prescription drug abuse treatment. The outcome of immediately removing the drugs from the body will create ongoing and irresistible urges to take the prescription drugs. This will cause the body to stress, be more prone to illnesses, affect relationships with friends and family, and quite possibly destroy one’s everyday mood.
Some approaches to therapy offered will depend on the affected individual. Not one method is better than the other, rater each methods have a reason and is tailored specifically to those affected.
Individual vs Group Therapy
One of the biggest factors to help with prescription drug abuse is the support of others. When it comes to this method, group therapy is normally preferred over individual. When a person is in a group, they are more likely to open up and reach out for support from their peers. This allows for patients to begin the recovering journey with someone else that gets their situation.
The times that individual therapy is used is when there is a trace of another diagnosis in the patient, like depression, dipolar disorder, or any other mental health concerns. Normally this situation will require treatment in its own, separate from traditional opioid addiction treatment.
Outpatient vs Residential Treatment
Residential treatment, otherwise known as “inpatient” treatment, will separate the addicted person(s) from their area of abuse. They are required to attend a facility or treatment home for a period of weeks to months. The person will go away where they are taught skills and habits for sober living. They are also closely monitored so that they do not end up abusing the drugs secretly.
Even though this is highly effective in the short term, the debate comes from whether if the residential program actually leads to a longer abstinence from opioids or not. The problem is relapse is often higher when they go back home where the drugs are in easy reach. On top of that, residential treatment are much more expensive at tens of thousands of dollars, and normally are not covered by insurance.
With outpatient programs, the treatment may seem tougher because the abuser is allowed to spend time at home after receiving treatment. However, those who are committed to recovery and have a solid support will see more success at the end. This is normally used for ongoing prescription drug abuse because it is much easier and cheaper than residential.
Couples and Family Therapy
When it comes to prescription drug abuse, not only is the person affected, but their entire family and friends too. Relationships with friends and families may be affected, whether its minimal or drastic. This treatment method requires the attendance and help of the abuser’s loved ones to help them through. Much like group therapy, this method focuses one the sole individual with the support of their family and friends.
The reasons why this method is very effective is because:
- Family members can be the strong pillar of support to change the addicted person’s behavior and life around.
- Including family members and friends into the treatment program can influence the addicted person to attend therapy and keep them striving towards a goal that others are depending them on for.
- Each family member and friends will naturally heal the damage put on them from their loved one’s prescription drug abuse.
Studies have shown that this method results in much lower relapse rates, increased happiness throughout the family, and much better functioning in the children of addicted adults.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, is taught by a therapist to a patient on how to distinguish mood, thoughts, and certain situations that triggers drug cravings. They will help the abuser avoid these triggers and help replace the negative thoughts of prescription abuse with healthier ones. The skills that the patient can learn from this method can last a lifetime. Even though this is potentially one of the more powerful methods, not all therapists are correctly trained in CBT. This may result in the patient not being completely helped and end up relapsing, or just furthering making the addiction more complex.
Contingency Management Therapy
Much like positive reinforcement learning, contingency management therapy is the method of rewarding the addicted person with incentives for staying clean. Normally these may be vouchers for goods, services, or privileges. The only downfall for this method is the higher costs, and the possibility of the behavior returning when the incentives stop.
Sometimes the best course of treatment for prescription drug abuse is to take other medications that help with the withdrawal symptoms. Suboxone is one of the medications that is used to reduce these symptoms and encourages the user to refrain from abusing opiates. What suboxone does is mimics some of the effects found in opiates. This lessens the brain’s need for the actual opiate drug.
This type of treatment combines the usage of both buprenorphine and naloxone. While buprenorphine belongs to a class called partial agonists, naloxone belong to opioid antagonists. These two are used as a part of the treatment program that includes counseling, lifestyle changes, family interventions, and a strict schedule of when to take the prescribed medications.
What is Buprenorphine?
The role of buprenorphine is help relieve the symptoms of opiate withdrawals. This medication can be dispenses for home use by prescription, as long as the user is carefully monitored by a family member.
As a partial agonist, the properties of buprenorphine allows for the user to experience less euphoria, lower potential for misuses, mild withdrawal profile, and less physical dependence. This makes it an attractive treatment for patients addicted to opioids and thus is used as a component of the suboxone treatment.
What is Naloxone?
As a opioid antagonist, naloxone is a drug that blocks or reverses the effects of opiates. While opioids attaches itself to receptors in the brain that numbs the sense of pain, too much of it will lead the body to overdose. Naloxone will literally kick the opioids off the receptors and bring the affected person back to a normal state. Mostly used in emergency situations, naloxone can be directly injected into muscle or applied through the nasal channel for immediate reactions.
How Can I Help A Loved One with Prescription Drug Abuse?
The first step to helping your loved ones overcome opiate addiction is to learn about opiates, nature of the abuse, and the different signs and stages of withdrawals. Prescription drug abuse is a lot harder to overcome than it seems. Even though it may seem like tossing out the opioids is the logical method, the chemical need that the abuser feels is very real, and can be disastrous. If it comes down to it, contacting a doctor that specializes in prescription drug abuse and suboxone treatment is the advised method. The doctor can help with prescribing low doses of buprenorphine over a period of time to help with the withdrawals, leading to a strict schedule of when to administer it to the effected person.